By Pieter Muysken
This booklet presents an in-depth research of the several ways that bilingual audio system swap from one language to a different during dialog. Pieter Muysken identifies 3 distinctive styles of combining and explores how diverse blending innovations depend upon the contrasting grammatical houses of the languages concerned, the measure of bilingual competence of the speaker and diverse social elements. The ebook synthesizes an enormous array of contemporary learn in a speedily turning out to be box of analysis that has a lot to bare concerning the constitution and serve as of language.
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Additional resources for Bilingual Speech: A Typology of Code-Mixing
Then we should look to what extent rules of our grammar are violated in stylistically m arked registers o f the monolingual speech mode. The answer is: not a great deal. There are specific stylistically m arked syntactic patterns, but they do not depart from our gram m ar as a whole in significant ways. Hence there is no immediate reason to expect this to be the case for code-mixing. It should be stressed that unusual types of code-mixing may be pragmatically marked, as they are unexpected. The relation between qualitative structural and quantitative distributional analysis is very complicated.
System morphemes (= functional elements) will be discussed in chapter 6. W hat is the role of functional categories in code-mixing processes? Do they determine the m atrix language frame? Does (lack of) equivalence between functional categories in different languages play an im portant role? How do we define and identify functional elements? One o f the sources o f inspiration for the M atrix Language Fram e model lies in the work of Joshi (1985). Joshi has come up with an asymmetrical model on the basis of data from M arathi/English code-mixing and considera tions from the m athematical theory of syntactic parsing.
G. of government) holding between two elements, so-called paratactic mixing or alternation: (50) A . B Alternation strategies include extraposition, the suspension of syntax, fronting, adverbial constructions, pauses, flagging, fillers, and, m orphologi cally, agglutination. In the case o f (50), there is no direct link between A and B. The third escape hatch involves direct grammatical m apping of the two languages involved; they are basically treated as the same language: (51) A1. . A n~ B I .