By E.T. Turkdogan
Offers engineers, examine scientists and graduate scholars a transparent realizing of the operation and keep an eye on of the pyrometallurgical approach. it's going to even be necessary for technical education classes given to metal plant engineers and plant operators
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Extra info for B0656 Fundamentals of steelmaking
17 ~ ~ .. •.. ~ .. •, ,, ,.. 8 Silicon (atom fraction) ",',r# , ~~ ,, ,.. ", :§:, "", .. -, 9>0 ,,,' ~ .. 6 Activities in liquid Fe-Si and Fe-Cu alloys at 1600°Cshowing strong negative and positive departures from Raoult's law. If the activity is relative to the pure component i, it follows from Raoult's law that as N, ~ I, Yi ~ 1. 53) The approach to Henry's law at dilute solutions is demonstrated in Fig. 7 for the activity of carbon (relative to graphite) in austenite at lOOO°C. 072) is saturated with graphite at lOOO°C for which the carbon activity is one relative to graphite.
LUPIS, Surf. , 1974, 42, 61. 18. R. BELTON,Metall. Trans. B, 1976, B7, 35. 19. T. M. R. TAYLOR, in '3rd International Conference on molten slags and fluxes', p. 246. The Institute of Metals, London, 1989. T. THOMPSON, G. W. D. PELTON,in 'Computerized metallurgical databases symposium', p. 53, eds. R. A. E. Morral. Metall. Soc. of AI ME, Warrendale, Pa, USA, 1988. 21 G. ERIKSSONand E. ROSEN, Chern. , 1973, 4, 193. 22 G. ERIKSSON,Chern. , 1975, 8, 100. 23 G. ERIKSSONand K. HACK, Metall. Trans. , 1990, 21B, 1013.
6b Interaction coefficients Over several mass percentages of the solute, the composition dependence of activity coefficient fi of solute i in binary systems is represented by the following relation in terms of mass %i. 7 Activity of carbon in austenite (relative to graphite) at lOOO°C, demonstrating deviation from Henry's law. where e is called the solute interaction coefficient. 56) where eii is the effect of the alloying element j on the activity coefficient of solute i. 7 CONVERSION FROM ONE STANDARD STATE TO ANOTHER In steelmaking processes we are concerned with reactions involving dissolved elements at low concentrations in liquid steel.