Austria in the First Cold War, 1945–55: The Leverage of the - download pdf or read online

By G. Bischof

On the top of the 1st chilly conflict within the early Fifties, the Western powers anxious that occupied Austria may perhaps turn into 'Europe's Korea' and feared a Communist takeover. The Soviets exploited their profession area for max reparations. American monetary relief assured Austria's survival and fiscal reconstruction. Their army suggestions became Austria right into a 'secret best friend' of the West. Austrian international relations performed a necessary function in securing the Austrian treaty in bilateral negotiations with Stalin's successors within the Kremlin demonstrating the leverage of the susceptible within the chilly battle.

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Anglo-American planning was carried on by anonymous and technocratic bureaucracies whose views usually prevailed. Roosevelt first wanted to win the war before contemplating the new order. But he and Churchill were no match against the vast bureaucracies of planning experts who were writing detailed scenarios for the postwar world in the midst of war. The Prime Minister and the President tried to ignore and dismiss such long-range planning; events on the battlefield would overtake it. Roosevelt harboured an inherent ambivalence towards such bureaucratic planning.

Be treated as a special case·) Was it a Nazi satellite state, or a liberated country? Should it pay reparations and restitutions. to be saddled with the cost of paying the price of the contributions of Ostmarker to Nazi war crimes'1 As Allied armies were slowly advancing on the Reich. Allied planning for postwar Austria was well on its way. The Anglo-American powers set up parallel planning structures. They resembled each other but coordination came only in the final months of the war. Anglo-American planning was carried on by anonymous and technocratic bureaucracies whose views usually prevailed.

67 The vast majority of Austrians supported Hitler·s cause to the bitter end. 1' 8 We will never be able to determine how many experienced the collapse of the Third Reich as defeat and how many welcomed the coming Allied armies as liberation. 69 Hermann Hagspiel 's balance sheet is on the mark: "many more people perished as a result of direct involvement by Austrians in the Nazi terror and exterminationist craze than there were Austrians resisting the regime". " 71 The Austrians were implicated as a people who harboured many Nazi perpetrators in their midst when the Third Reich collapsed.

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