Download PDF by Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S., Jr. Covino: ASM Handbook: Volume 13B: Corrosion: Materials

By Stephen D. Cramer, Bernard S., Jr. Covino

This 700-page ASM instruction manual is constituted of forty eight peer-reviewed articles on how metals and nonmetals are effected by means of quite a few elements.The significant components coated comprise ferrous and nonferrous metals: processed fabrics, and clad metals; specified items, together with amorphous fabrics, intermatllics, and steel matrix composites; and on metallics, together with ceramics, concrete, coatings, composites and elastomers. it is usually a piece of writing at the worldwide price of corrosion and a full-color gallery of corrosion harm.

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Sample text

Chlorine, as chlorides, has a deleterious effect on the protective rust layer on low-alloy steels, and the manner in which protective rust coats form in marine atmospheres is less understood than in the case of the industrial atmosphere. However, tests have shown that alloying additions do provide enhanced corrosion resistance in marine atmospheres. The effects of individual additions of copper, nickel, and chromium are shown in Fig. 17. 3 mil/yr) or less for copper-bearing and low-alloy steels (Ref 13).

Anhydrous Ammonia. Low-alloy steel storage tanks have been used for many years for ammonia storage. Stress-corrosion cracking has been the primary corrosion problem in these vessels. 2% H2O inhibits SCC in alloy steel storage vessels (Ref 24–29). Chlorine. Steel is used to handle dry chlorine, and corrosion rates are generally low. Ignition can be a problem, however, and the recommended maximum service temperature in this application is 150  C (300  F) (Ref 30). Steel is also used to handle refrigerated liquid chlorine, but care must be taken at potential leak sites.

Craig and D. R. , Carbon and Alloy Steels, ASM Specialty Handbook, ASM International, 1996  Forms of Corrosion—Recognition and Prevention, NACE Handbook 1, Vol 1 and 2, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1997  L. E. Graedel and C. Leygraf, Atmospheric Corrosion, Wiley-VCH, 2000  “Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Cracking in Corrosive Petroleum Refining Environments,” MR0103–2003, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 2003  “Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries— Materials for Use in H2S-Containing Environments in Oil and Gas Production,” MR0175/ISO15156, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 2003.

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