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Additional info for Agricultural Trade Policies in the Andean Group: Issues and Options (World Bank Technical Paper)
25 The Andean highlands (altiplano) produce the bulk of the traditional crops of corn, wheat, barley, potatoes, legumes and coca, and graze sheep and llamas. The dry coastal desert lowlands produce most of the export crops, particularly sugar, coffee and cotton, in oases irrigated by streams from the Andes. The inland (selva) region of the upper Amazon forest grow coffee, cocoa, cacao, tea and bananas, as well as corn, cassava and rice. Transportation difficulties currently limit access between these inland areas and the major population centers.
The foreign exchange market was liberalized, and the exchange rate has even appreciated in recent years, as a consequence of the inflow of capital from abroad. Trade policy was reformed, with tariffs replacing non-tariff barriers. The schedule of tariffs now contains two levels, 15 and 25 percent, with most (97 percent) of the imports falling into the lower category. The completeness of the process of economic reform rivals Chile and Bolivia. Peru was a member of the Andean Group until it withdrew from active participation in 1991.
364) Includes bibliographical references. Series. 41'098dc21 CIP Page iii Contents Page No. 1. Introduction 1 Agricultural Trade Developments 1 Objectives and Structure of the Report 2 2. Bolivia 3 Background 3 Current Trade Policies 3 Agricultural Trade Issues 4 Options and Strategies 6 3. Colombia 8 Background 8 Current Trade Policies 8 Agricultural Trade Issues 9 Options and Strategies 10 4. Ecuador 13 Background 13 Current Trade Policies 13 Agricultural Trade Issues 14 Options and Strategies 15 Page iv 5.