By Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra
This is often the 1st publication to supply a complete evaluate of small fingers and security-related concerns in post-9/11 Afghanistan. It contains case reports which demonstrate the findings of in-depth box examine on hitherto missed areas of the rustic, and offers a particular stability of thematic research, conceptual types and empirical examine. Exploring quite a few features of armed violence and measures to take on it, the amount offers major perception into broader matters similar to the efficacy of foreign tips, the ‘shadow’ economic system, warlordism, and the Taliban-led insurgency. with a view to deconstruct and demystify Afghanistan’s alleged ‘gun culture’, it additionally explores the various triumphing hindrances and possibilities dealing with the rustic in its transition interval. In so doing, the publication deals beneficial classes to the state-builders of Afghanistan in addition to these of different international locations and areas suffering to emerge from sessions of transition. This ebook can be of a lot curiosity to all scholars of Afghanistan, small palms, insurgency, Asian reports, and clash stories commonly.
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Extra info for Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies)
The combined effect of both the insurgency and factional commanders has been to erode popular support for the central Afghan government, while the presence of commanders with ties to armed factions in the government challenges the popular legitimacy of the government. As stated by the Feinstein Famine project at Tufts University: Countrywide, rural Afghans hold views and have had experiences of (in)security that are very different from those of the international community and the Afghan government.
Small arms and the rise of the ‘warlord class’ Here, the impact of commanders and small arms on traditional shuras, the judiciary and prominent political events are briefly examined. To put it simply, the dilemma is not the weapons but the individuals and networks behind them. For this reason, there is a graphic need to assess both the role of the gun and the role of militias, their combined effect on local and regional politics and their broader societal impact. The legacy of small arms has emboldened commanders and militias at the expense of both government and traditional local institutions.
Government agencies and commanders run private prisons in Kabul, Faryab and Mazar-e-Sharif; the AIHRC closed 36 between 2002 and 2005 (USDOS, 2006a). Illegal checkpoints are present throughout the country and are utilized by government and insurgent groups to extort money. In 2005, according to the US Department of State: In northern areas, commanders targeted women, especially from Pashtun families, for sexual violence. During the year, there were at least four credible reports of soldiers and commanders loyal to local warlords raping girls, boys, and women in provinces in the eastern, southeastern, and central part of the country.