By Joan E. Cashin
This e-book is ready the various ways in which women and men skilled migration from the Southern seaboard to the antebellum Southern frontier. dependent upon wide study in planter relations papers, Cashin experiences how the sexes went to the frontier with diverging agendas: males attempted to flee the relations, whereas ladies attempted to maintain it. at the frontier, males often settled faraway from relations, leaving girls lonely and disoriented in an odd atmosphere. As kinship networks broke down, intercourse roles replaced, and relatives among women and men turned extra inequitable. Migration additionally replaced race kinfolk, simply because many males deserted paternalistic race family and abused their slaves. even if, many girls endured to perform paternalism, and some even sympathized with slaves as they by no means had sooner than. Drawing on wealthy archival assets, Cashin examines the choice of households emigrate, the results of migration on planter relatives existence, and how outdated ties have been maintained and new ones shaped.
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24 Others decided to bargain with their sons to keep them from migrating. John J. , knew by the mid-1830s that several of his sons were considering moving from Virginia to the Southwest, in part because they were unhappy with the bequests he planned to leave them in his will; he was in his early seventies, and he needed someone to help him run his various enterprises. He decided to make a generous proposition to his youngest son, William, just as he was preparing to leave for Alabama in 1835. Ambler offered his son twenty slaves, the profits of a mill he owned, and one hundred dollars in cash if William would remain and attend to the family's business.
Families could be drawn closer together by economic woes. One planter opened his door to relatives who "under the pressure of necessity, or some disastrous combination of events" needed a home. Others sympathized with the financial difficulties of their relatives. 56 Planters were not blind to distinctions in wealth, however, and their arrogance could strain family ties, particularly ties between men. Robert Hunter offended a less affluent cousin when he refused to let a slave woman nurse one of the man's children.
Migration beyond the boundaries of a state was troubling, but the distance from the seaboard to the Southwest seemed unsurpassable. When the cousins of Catherine R. Patterson left North Carolina for Mississippi, she believed that she would not see them again in this world and pinned her hopes on a reunion in heaven. A distance of two hundred miles, according to Caroline Gordon, made visits highly unlikely. 31 Women commonly compared migration to death, as men almost never did. A North Carolinian walked out into her yard to take a long "final look" at her sister as she left with her husband for Missouri in 1835.